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Advancement in technology is a tool to predict the response of structure against disaster (like earthquake, landslides, flood, tsunamis etc.). Development in technology & increasing living standards causes urbanization & developed country needs urbanization. Development in transportation, infrastructure & industrialization are basic terms to urbanize any country. Natural calamities may create hurdles if proper planning & design is not done. Take example of Uttarakhand state of India.Uttarakhand is a mountainous state of north India & its ecology is very fragile. Major industries are hydropower generation and religious tourism. Tourism is putting immense pressure on natural resources. Analysing a natural disaster is a complex task. Many a times, a natural disaster & its human impacts are result of multiple things occurring together. Uttarakhand state has to face natural disaster frequently. Due to unplanned urbanization, the effect of disaster was increased many folds. In this research paper case study of disaster in Uttarakhand (June 2013) is discussed.Various preventing majors for mitigation of disaster are given.


Natural disaster, landslides, slope stability and urbanization challenges.

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How to Cite
Ms. Swati S. Nibhorkar, “URBANIZATIONAL CHALLENGES IN UTTRAKHAND STATE: A CASE STUDY”, IEJRD - International Multidisciplinary Journal, vol. 5, no. 3, p. 6, Apr. 2020.